1、 I have been trying to smoking.
A.give up B.pick up C.build up D.take up
2、 Relief workers were by what they saw.
A.moved B.touched C.surprised D.worried
3、 The weather is a constant of conversation in Britain.
A.question B.problem C.title D.topic
4、 This is not of English,but is a feature of the Chinese language.
A.particular B.characteristic C.remarkable D.idiomatic
5、 It is impossible to persuade him to apply for the job.
A.simply B.almost C.totally D.completely
6、 These are defensive behavior patterns which from our fears.
A.stem B.rely C.develop D.grow
7、 Only a small minority of the mentally ill are to harm themselves or others.
A.easy B.possible C.likely D.difficult
8、 They have the to destroy the enemy in a few days.
A.possibility B.necessity C.ability D.probability
9、 We have never seen such hills.
A.beautiful B.stretching C.spreading D.rolling
10、 The leaves have been swept into huge .
A.loads B.layers C.pyramids D.piles
11、 The news will everyone.
A.attract B.terrify C.tempt D.excite
12、 The article the major events of the decade.
A.described B.offered C.outlined D.presented
13、 I won't that kind of behavior.
A.bear B.receive C.admit D.take
14、 Their style of playing football is different.
A.barely B.scarcely C.hardly D.totally
15、 Her sister her to apply for the job.
A.advised B.caused C.forced D.promised
Amongst the most popular books being written today are those which are usually classified as science fiction. Hundreds of titles are published every year and are read by all kinds of people. Furthermore， some of the most successful films of recent years have been based on science fiction stories.
It is often thought that science fiction is a fairly new development in literature， but its ancestors can be found in books written hundreds of years ago. These books were often concerned with the presentation of some form of ideal society， a theme which is still often found in modern stories..
Most of the classics of science fiction， however， have been written within the last hundred years. Books by writers such as Jules Verne and H.G. Wells， to mention just two well-known authors， have been translated into many languages.
Modern science fiction writers don t write about men from Mars or space adventure stories. They are more interested in predicting the results of technical developments on society and the human mind; or in imagining future worlds which are a reflection of the world which we live in now. Because of this their writing has obvious political undertones.
In an age where science fact frequently overtakes science fiction， the writers may find it difficult to keep ahead of scientific advances. Those who are sufficiently clear-sighted to see the way we are going， however， may provide a valuable lesson on how to deal with the problems which society will inevitably face as it tries to master its new technology.
1. Paragraph 1____________
2. Paragraph 2____________
3. Paragraph 3____________
4. Paragraph 4____________
A. Popularity of Science Fiction
B. A Fairly New Development
C. Classics of Science Fiction
D. Difficulty in Keeping ahead of Scientific Adventure
E. Its Origin
F. Themes of Modern Science Fiction
5. Some form of ideal society is __________
6.Books written by J. Verne are___________
8.Works of modern science fiction have___________
A) a recurrent theme
B) concerned with the pr
oblems that we have to solve in the future
C) reading books of science fiction
D) political implications
E) a current theme
F) read worldwide
18、 The Boeing Corp. and Europe’s Airbus consortium are preparing to offer bigger airplanes to the world's airlines. Now that talks on a joint project have broken down, Boeing is pushing a stretched version of the 747, and Airbus is designing an all-new aircraft, known as the A3XX.
Seating 550 passengers in the basic model, and 650 in a stretched version, the 1.2 million pound A3XX will not only be the largest airplane in the world, but it will also be one of the most advanced. The outer wings and the horizontal stabilizer (as big as a smaller jet's wing) will be made of carbon-fiber composite materials, and will be the largest such structures on any aircraft except the B-2 stealth bomber. Metal skins will be welded together with lasers, removing thousands of fasteners.
When a strong wind strikes the A3XX’s 260-foot wing, movable control surfaces will prevent it from flexing like a giant spring. This will make the ride smoother and will save weight by reducing the load on the wing spars. A flexible-skinned flap will subtly change the wing’s curvature to match the airplane’s changing weight as it bums fuel on each journey.
The A3XX will carry up to 1,600 meals, filling more than 100 food and beverage carts. To make more room for passengers, Airbus plans to put the carts in the lower hold; automatic conveyors and elevators will deliver them to the two passenger decks. Airlines have asked Airbus to look at extra features ranging from lower-deck sleeper cabins to a children's playroom.
Airbus expects to offer the A3XX to airlines in 1998, and deliver the first aircraft in 2003.
词汇：consortium n. 财团 welded v.焊接
stretched a.拓展的 flap n.副翼
16. No fasteners will be used in building A3XX because all components will be welded together.
C. Not mentioned
17. Airbus plans to build a mini-restaurant in the lower hold of A3XX.
C. Not mentioned
18. A3XX will be bigger than the B-2 stealth bomber.
C. Not mentioned
19. The basic model of A3XX can carry more than 500 passengers.
C. Not mentioned
20. The wing of A3XX will not be spoiled when it is stricken by a strong wind because its surfaces are designed to be movable.
C. Not mentioned
21. A3XX will fly faster while consuming less oil.
C. Not mentioned
22. The first A3XX will be available in 2003.
C. Not mentioned
David Jones and His Salary
Computer programmer David Jones earns ￡35,000 a year designing new computer games, yet he cannot find a bank prepared to let him have a cheque card. Instead, he has been told to wait another two years, until he is 18.
The 16-year-old works for a small firm In Liverpool, where the problem of most young people of his age is finding a job. David's firm releases two new games for the home computer market each month.
But David's biggest headache is what to do with his money. Despite his salary, earned buy inventing new programs, with bonus payments and profit-sharing, he cannot drive a car, buy a house, or obtain credit cards.
He lives with his parents in Liverpool. His company has to pay ￡150 a month in taxi fares to get him the five miles to work and back every day because David cannot drive.
David got his job with the Liverpool-based company four months ago, a year after leaving school and working for a time in a computer shop. "I got the job because the people who run the firm knew I had already written some programs," he said.
"I suppose ￡35,000 sounds a lot but I hope it will come to more than that his year." He spends some of his money on records and clothes, and gives his mother ￡20 a week. But most of his spare time is spent working.
"unfortunately, computing was not part of our studies at school," he said. "But I had been studying it in books and magazines for four years in my spare time. I knew what I wanted to do and never considered staying on at school. Most people in this business are fairly young, anyway."
David added: "I would like to earn a million and I suppose early retirement is a possibility. You never know when the market might disappear.".
1. Why is David different from other young people of his age?
A) Because he earns an extremely high salary.
B) Because he is not unemployed.
C) Because he does not go out much.
D) Because he lives at home with his parents.
2. David's greatest problem is
A) finding a bank that will treat him as an adult.
B) inventing computer games.
C) spending his salary.
D) learning to drive.
3. He was employed by the company because
A) he had worked in a computer shop.
B) he had written some computer programs.
C) he had worked very hard.
D) he had learned to use computers at school.
4. He left school because
A) he did not enjoy school
B) he wanted to work with computers and staying at school did not help him.
C) he was afraid of getting too old to start computing.
D) he wanted to earn a lot of money.
5. Why does David think he might retire early?
A) Because you have to be young to write computer programs.
B) Because he wants to stop working when he is a millionaire.
C) Because he thinks computer games might not always sell so well.
D) Because he thinks his firm might go bankrupt.
New York - The Melting Pot
Recently the Department of Planning of New York issued a report which laid bare a full scale of the city. In 1970, 18 percent of the city's population was foreign-born. By 1995, the figure had risen to 33 percent, and another 20 percent were the US-born offsprings of immigrants. So immigrants and their children now form a majority of the city's population.
Who are these New Yorkers? Why do they come here? Where are they from? (OK, time to drop the "they". I'm one of them). The last question at least is easy to answer: we come from everywhere. In the list of the top 20 source nations of those sending immigrants to New York between 1990 and 1994 are six countries in Asia, five in the Caribbean, four in Latin America, three in Europe, plus Israel and former Soviet Union. And when we immigrants get here we roll up our sleeves. "if you're not ready to work when you get to New York," says a friend of mine, "you'd better hit the road."
The mayor of New York once said, "Immigration continues to shape the unique character and drive the economic engine of New York City." He believes that immigrants are at the heart of what makes New York great. In Europe, by contrast, it is much more common to hear politicians worry about the loss of "unity" that immigration brings to their societies. In the quarter century since 1970, the United Stated admitted about 125 million legal immigrants, and has absorbed them into its social structures with an ease beyond the imagination of other nations. Since these immigrants are purposeful and hard-working, they will help America to make a fresh start in the next century.
1. The report issued by the Department of Planning of New York
A) put forward ways to control New York's population.
B) concerned itself with the growth of New York's population.
C) studied the structure of New York's population.
D) suggested ways to increase New York's population.
2. According to the second paragraph, which of the following is true of the immigrants in New York?
A) One can not find his place in New York unless he is ready to work.
B) They found life in New York harder than in their own countries.
C) Most of them have difficulty finding jobs.
D) One can live on welfare if he does not want to work.
3. The mayor of New York considers immigration to be
A) a big problem in the management of the city.
B) a push needed to develop the city.
C) a cause of disintegration of the city's social structure.
D) an obstacle to the development of the city..
4. Where are the new New Yorkers from?
C) All over the world.
D) Latin America.
5. What is the author's attitude towards immigration to New York?
Preserving Nature for Future
Demands for stronger protection for wildlife in Britain sometimes hide the fact that similar needs are felt in the rest of Europe. Studies by the Council of Europe, of which 21 counties are members, have shown that 45 per cent of reptile species and 24 per cent of butterflies are in danger of dying out.
European concern for wildlife was outlined by Dr Peter Baum, an expert in the environment and natural resources division of the council, when he spoke at a conference arranged by the administrators of a British national park. The park is one of the few areas in Europe to hold the council's diploma for nature reserves of the highest quality, and Dr Peter Baum had come to present it to the park once again. He was afraid that public opinion was turning against national parks, and that those set up in the 1960s and 1970s could not be set up today. But Dr Baum clearly remained a strong supporter of the view that natural environments needed to be allowed to survive in peace in their own right.
"No area could be expected to survive both as a true nature reserve and as a tourist attraction," he went on. The short-sighted view that reserves had to serve immediate human demands for outdoor recreation should be replaced by full acceptance of their importance as places to preserve nature for the future.
"We forget that they are the guarantee of life systems, on which any built-up area ultimately depends," Dr Baum went on. "We could manage without most industrial products, but we could not manage without nature. However, our natural environment areas, which are the original parts of our countryside, have shrunk to become mere islands in a spoiled and highly polluted land mass."
1. Recent studies by the council of Europe have indicated that
A) wildlife needs more protection only in Britain
B) all species of wildlife in Europe are in danger of dying out.
C) there are fewer species of reptiles and butterflies in Europe than else where
D) many species of reptiles an butterflies in Europe need protecting.
2. Why did Dr Baum come to a British national park?
A) Because he needed to present it with a council's diploma.
B) Because he was concerned about its management
C) Because it was the only national park of its kind in Europe.
D) Because it was the only park which had ever received a diploma from the Council.
3. The last sentence in the second paragraph implies that
A) People should make every effort to create mere environment areas
B) People would go on protecting national parks
C) certain areas of countryside should be left intact
D) people would defend the right to develop the areas around national parks
4. In Dr Baum's opinion, the view that a nature reserve should serve as a tourist attraction is
5. Which of the following can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A) We have developed industry at the expense of countryside
B) We have forgotten what our original countryside looked like
C) People living on islands should protect natural resources for their survival
D) We should destroy all the built-up areas.
23、 Tests Show Women Suited for Space Travel
Between 1977 and 1981, three groups of American woman, ___(1)___, between the age of 35 and 65, were given month-long tests to determine how they would respond to conditions resembling those aboard the space shuttle.
Though ___(2)___, the women were volunteers and the pay was barely above the minimum wage. They were not allowed ___(3)____ during the tests, and they were expected to tolerate each other's company at close quarters for the entire period. Among other things they had to stand pressure three times the force of gravity and carry out both physical and mental tasks __(4)__. At the end of ten days, they had to spend a further twenty days absolutely confined to bed, during which time they suffered backaches and other discomforts, and when they were finally allowed up, the more physically active women were especially subject to pains due to a slight calcium loss.
Results of the tests suggest that women will have significant advantages over men in space. They need less food and les oxygen and they stand up to radiation better. Men's advantages __(5)__, meanwhile, are virtually wiped out by the zero-gravity condition in space..
A): to smoke or drink alcohol
B) carefully selected from among many applicants
C) numbering 27 in all
D) in terms of strength and stamina
E) those who are physically stronger
F) while exhausted from strenuous physical exercise
24、 London Cabbies(出租车司机)
Every city in the world has taxis to take tourists to interesting places.London is the only city in the world where taking a taxi is an (51)experience for tourists.This is partly because of the special black cabs,which are found in no other country.But it is also because of the drivers themselves.(52)British people are famous for being polite and reserved,London cabbies are well-known(53)their willingness to talk.
Some customers say that once the door shuts and the cab(54)off they are a captive(监禁了的)audience.It is impossible to get the taxi driver to stop (55).“They're self-confident and free thinking,”said Malcolm Linskey,the author of a history of taxi drivers in London.
They are also expensive.London has the most expensive taxis of any city in the world except Tokyo.That's why Ken Livingstone,the Mayor of London,is planning to make taxi drivers negotiate their fares with(56)before they take a ride.
Drivers agree that their fares are expensive.That's because their black taxis(57)more than other cars,they say.And the customer is also paying for more driving expertise(专门知识)than anywhere else in the world.
Before someone can qualify as a London taxi driver,that person has to pass a test (58)simply as “The Knowledge”.This involves(59)the name and location of every street within six miles of a point in the exact centre of London.The trainee(受训者)must also learn the exact location of every important building within these streets.Finally he or she must be able to use this knowledge to work out the (60)distance between any two destinations within this area.
It can(61)up to three years to pass“The Knowledge”.Every day it is possible to see trainee taxi drivers on the streets of London,taking careful notes of popular destinations before tracing the route to their next stop.Cab driving is a job often(62)down in families.Many taxi drivers take their children out in their spare time to memorize(63)they need to know when it is their turn to do “The Knowledge”.
London cabbies also have bigger brains.Recent research found that the part of the brain that remembers things was larger and more(64)in cab drivers.They have to fit the whole of London into their heads,so their brains grow bigger.So perhaps it is not(65)that taxi drivers have lots to say..